Mesonephric-like adenocarcinoma (MLA) of the uterine corpus is a rare but distinct malignant tumor of the female genital tract, demonstrating a characteristic morphology and unique immunohistochemical profiles and molecular alterations. We conducted immunohistochemical staining (IHC) to make precise differential diagnoses of uterine MLAs from common histological subtypes of endometrial carcinomas. We collected 25 uterine MLAs and performed IHC for GATA3, TTF1, CD10, ER, PR, p16, p53, and HER2. Seventeen cases (68.0%) showed at least moderate nuclear GATA3 immunoreactivity in ≥25% of tumor cells. Most cases expressed TTF1 (17/21, 81.0%) and CD10 (luminal; 17/21, 81.0%). Heterogeneous TTF1 expression was noted in 12 cases. An inverse pattern of GATA3 and TTF1 staining was observed in eight cases (32.0%). Three cases (12.0%) showed moderate-to-strong ER expression in ≥25% of tumor cells, and two cases (8.0%) showed moderate-to-strong PR expression in ≥5% of tumor cells. These hormone receptor-positive MLAs varied in intensity and proportion of GATA3 staining. None of the 25 cases exhibited either diffuse and strong p16 expression or aberrant p53 expression. Five cases (20.0%) showed equivocal HER2 immunoreactivity (score 2+), but HER2 FISH confirmed that none of them exhibited HER2 gene amplification. In summary, a small subset of uterine MLAs displayed atypical IHC results: focal but strong expression of ER or PR, the complete absence of GATA3 immunoreactivity, the concurrent expression of mesonephric and hormone receptors, and the inverse pattern of GATA3 and TTF1 staining. These unusual immunophenotypes may complicate the differential diagnosis of MLA. Moreover, pathologists should be encouraged to interpret the IHC results cautiously.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (NRF-2019R1G1A1100578) and the Basic Science Research Program through the NRF grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (NRF-2020R1G1A1003692).
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry