Mesoporous MgO sorbent promoted with KNO3 for CO2 capture at intermediate temperatures

Anh Tuan Vu, Yongha Park, Pil Rip Jeon, Chang Ha Lee

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Abstract

Mesoporous MgO·KNO3 composites were developed using an aerogel method for CO2 sorption in the intermediate temperature range of 250-400°C. The effects of MgO/KNO3 molar ratio, calcination method and sorption temperature on CO2 sorption rate and capacity were evaluated using a thermogravimetric analyzer. The composite prepared at a MgO/KNO3 molar ratio of 1:0.2 with a four-step calcination had the high CO2 sorption capacity of 13.9wt% at 325°C and 120min, showing about 70% of the total sorption capacity within 10min and about 7 times higher sorption capacity than pure MgO. In addition, the developed MgO·KNO3 composite showed higher sorption capacity than other MgO composites promoted by alkali metal salts (K2CO3, KOH, NaNO3, Na2CO3, Na2HPO4, LiNO3 and Li2CO3). The sorption rate of CO2 on a MgO·KNO3 composite during the initial 30min was on the order of 10-4/s. Sorption working capacity was evaluated by 12 cyclic tests at 325 and 375°C for sorption (20min) and 450°C for regeneration (30min). Sorption working capacity was higher at 325°C than at 375°C, but MgO/KNO3 was highly stable at 375°C, showing 90wt% of the first cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-264
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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