Mesoporous NiCu-CeO2 oxide catalysts for high-temperature water-gas shift reaction

Ajay Jha, Dae Woon Jeong, Won Jun Jang, Chandrashekhar V. Rode, Hyun Seog Roh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesoporous NiCu-CeO2 oxide catalysts were synthesized by using the evaporation-induced self-assembly method applied to the high-temperature, water-gas shift reaction (HT-WGS) between 350 to 550 °C. Nickel and copper loadings on mesoporous ceria were tailored to achieve high activity and selectivity by suppressing methane formation in HT-WGS. Among the prepared catalysts, NiCu(1 : 4)-CeO2 exhibited the highest selectivity to CO2 and H2 with 85% CO conversion at a very high GHSV of 83 665 h-1. The higher activity of the catalysts was due to the mesoporous architecture, which provides more accessible active sites for the WGS reaction. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), N2-adsorption/desorption isotherm, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and H2-temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) techniques were used to understand the role of mesoporosity and bimetallic composition of various NiCu-CeO2 oxides in enhancing catalytic activity for HT-WGS. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1430-1437
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Water gas shift
Oxides
Catalysts
Temperature
Cerium compounds
Methane
Carbon Monoxide
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Nickel
X ray scattering
X ray powder diffraction
Self assembly
Isotherms
Copper
Catalyst activity
Desorption
Evaporation
Thermodynamic properties
Adsorption
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Jha, Ajay ; Jeong, Dae Woon ; Jang, Won Jun ; Rode, Chandrashekhar V. ; Roh, Hyun Seog. / Mesoporous NiCu-CeO2 oxide catalysts for high-temperature water-gas shift reaction. In: RSC Advances. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 1430-1437.
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Mesoporous NiCu-CeO2 oxide catalysts for high-temperature water-gas shift reaction. / Jha, Ajay; Jeong, Dae Woon; Jang, Won Jun; Rode, Chandrashekhar V.; Roh, Hyun Seog.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2015, p. 1430-1437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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