Objective Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disorder, has been associated withnearly 100 susceptibility loci. Nevertheless, these loci only partially explain SLE heritability and their putative causal variants are rarely prioritised, which make challenging to elucidate disease biology. To detect new SLE loci and causal variants, we performed the largest genome-wide meta-analysis for SLE in East Asian populations. Methods We newly genotyped 10 029 SLE cases and 180 167 controls and subsequently meta-analysed them jointly with 3348 SLE cases and 14 826 controls from published studies in East Asians. We further applied a Bayesian statistical approach to localise the putative causal variants for SLE associations. Results We identified 113 genetic regions including 46 novel loci at genome-wide significance (p<5×10 -8). Conditional analysis detected 233 association signals within these loci, which suggest widespread allelic heterogeneity. We detected genome-wide associations at six new missense variants. Bayesian statistical fine-mapping analysis prioritised the putative causal variants to a small set of variants (95% credible set size ≤10) for 28 association signals. We identified 110 putative causal variants with posterior probabilities ≥0.1 for 57 SLE loci, among which we prioritised 10 most likely putative causal variants (posterior probability ≥0.8). Linkage disequilibrium score regression detected genetic correlations for SLE with albumin/globulin ratio (r g =-0.242) and non-albumin protein (r g =0.238). Conclusion Thisstudy reiterates the power of large-scale genome-wide meta-analysis for novel genetic discovery. These findings shed light on genetic and biological understandings of SLE.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 May 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Contributors XY, KKim and HS contributed equally to this work, and either has the right to list himself first in bibliographical documents. SCB, YC, CT, XZhang, XY, KKim and HS conceived the study design. SCB, YC, XZhang, SY, KKim and CT acquainted the financial support. XY, KKim, HS, CT, YC and SCB wrote the manuscript. XY, KKim, HS, EH, XZheng, VL and YW conducted all of the analyses with the help of JBH, LCK, MTW, SP, SE, HS, KT, NO, MK, KI and C Terao. KKim, SYB, LW, LL, RXL, YSheng, MYH, WL, KYoon, MC, HH, MW, YTang, HD, CL, CS, WF, KL, BJK, HSL, SCB, SH, YSakamoto, NSugano, MM, DT, KKarino, TMiyamura, JN, GM, TKuroda, HN, TMiyamoto, TT, YKawaguchi, KA, YTada, KYamaji, MS, TA, AS, TSumida, YOkada, KMatsuda, KMatsuo, YKochi, TSeki, YTanaka, TKubo, RH, TYoshioka, MY, TKabata, YA, YOhta, TO, YN, AK, YY, KOhzono, KYamamoto, KOhmura, TYamamoto and SI generated genetic data. SYB, SJ, YCK, WTC, SSL, SCS, YMK, DY, CHS, YBP, JYC, YP, GYA, JMS, YKL, DJP, WY, THK, SY, BJK, NShen, HSL, XZhang, CT and SCB managed the cohort data. All authors reviewed and approved the manuscript.
© 2021 Author(s) (or their employer(s)). Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)