Free and conjugated steroids coexist in a dynamic equilibrium due to complex biosynthetic and metabolic processes. This may have clinical significance related to various physiological conditions, including sex development involving the reproductive system. Therefore, we performed quantitative profiling of 16 serum steroids conjugated with glucuronic and sulfuric acids using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC–MS). All steroid conjugates were purified by solid-phase extraction and then separated through a 3-μm particle size C18 column (150 mm × 2.1 mm) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min in the negative ionization mode. The LC–MS-based analysis was found to be linear (r2 > 0.99), and all steroid conjugates had a limit-of-quantification (LOQ) of 10 ng/mL, except for cholesterol sulfate and 17β-estradiol-3,17-disulfate (20 ng/mL). The extraction recoveries of all steroid conjugates ranged from 97.9% to 110.7%, while the overall precision (% CV) and accuracy (% bias) ranged from 4.8% to 10.9% and from 94.4% to 112.9% at four different concentrations, respectively. Profiling of steroid conjugates corrected by adiposity revealed decreased levels of steroid sulfates (P < 0.01) in overweight and obese girls compared to normal girls. The suggested technique can be used for evaluating metabolic changes in steroid conjugates and for understanding the pathophysiology and relative contributions of adiposity in childhood obesity.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Sep 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the KIST Institutional Program (Project No. 2E26110), and by the Bio & Medical Technology Development Programs ( NRF-2013M3A9B6046413 ) through the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning.
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology