Transition-metal-catalyzed activation of C-H and C-C bonds is a challenging area in synthetic organic chemistry. Among various methods to accomplish these processes, the approach using metal-organic cooperative catalytic systems is one of the most promising. In this protocol, organic molecules as well as transition metals act as catalysts to bring about reactions, which proceed with high efficiencies and selectivities. Various metal-organic cooperative catalytic systems developed for C-H and C-C bond activation reactions are discussed in this review. Also discussed are how each metal-organic cooperative catalyst affects the reaction mechanism and what kinds of substrates can be applied in each of the catalytic processes.
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