Metal–organic frameworks-derived porous carbon/Co3O4 composites for rechargeable lithium–oxygen batteries

Myeong Jun Song, Il To Kim, Young Bok Kim, Jiwon Kim, Moo Whan Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium–oxygen (Li–O2) batteries are promising candidates for high-performance energy storage systems because of their tremendous energy density, which significantly exceeds that of conventional Li–ion batteries. Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) is considered an effective catalyst for non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries owing to its excellent oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reaction activity. However, low electrical conductivity and agglomeration of Co3O4 can degrade the electrochemical performance properties. We present a facile method of synthesizing porous carbon/Co3O4 composites derived from metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) via post-thermal treatment for use as the cathode in rechargeable Li–O2 batteries. Use of cobalt-containing MOFs as a sacrificial template produces uniformly distributed Co3O4 nanoparticles in the carbonaceous matrix, alleviating the problems of using only Co3O4 as the cathode material. As-synthesized porous carbon/Co3O4 composites show superior electrochemical performance, for example, a low overpotential and high reversible capacity of about 9850 mA h g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1. They also exhibit excellent cyclability up to the 320th cycle, with a limited capacity of 500 mA h g−1 at a current density of 200 mA g−1. The improvement is attributed to the catalytic activity and mesoporous structure of uniformly distributed Co3O4 nanoparticles in the carbonaceous matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume230
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 10

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Secondary batteries
Cobalt
Cathodes
Current density
Carbon
Oxygen
Nanoparticles
Composite materials
Energy storage
Catalyst activity
Agglomeration
Heat treatment
Catalysts
Oxides
Electric Conductivity
cobalt oxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Metal–organic frameworks-derived porous carbon/Co3O4 composites for rechargeable lithium–oxygen batteries",
abstract = "Lithium–oxygen (Li–O2) batteries are promising candidates for high-performance energy storage systems because of their tremendous energy density, which significantly exceeds that of conventional Li–ion batteries. Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) is considered an effective catalyst for non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries owing to its excellent oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reaction activity. However, low electrical conductivity and agglomeration of Co3O4 can degrade the electrochemical performance properties. We present a facile method of synthesizing porous carbon/Co3O4 composites derived from metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) via post-thermal treatment for use as the cathode in rechargeable Li–O2 batteries. Use of cobalt-containing MOFs as a sacrificial template produces uniformly distributed Co3O4 nanoparticles in the carbonaceous matrix, alleviating the problems of using only Co3O4 as the cathode material. As-synthesized porous carbon/Co3O4 composites show superior electrochemical performance, for example, a low overpotential and high reversible capacity of about 9850 mA h g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1. They also exhibit excellent cyclability up to the 320th cycle, with a limited capacity of 500 mA h g−1 at a current density of 200 mA g−1. The improvement is attributed to the catalytic activity and mesoporous structure of uniformly distributed Co3O4 nanoparticles in the carbonaceous matrix.",
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Metal–organic frameworks-derived porous carbon/Co3O4 composites for rechargeable lithium–oxygen batteries. / Song, Myeong Jun; Kim, Il To; Kim, Young Bok; Kim, Jiwon; Shin, Moo Whan.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 230, 10.03.2017, p. 73-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Il To

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AU - Kim, Jiwon

AU - Shin, Moo Whan

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AB - Lithium–oxygen (Li–O2) batteries are promising candidates for high-performance energy storage systems because of their tremendous energy density, which significantly exceeds that of conventional Li–ion batteries. Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) is considered an effective catalyst for non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries owing to its excellent oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reaction activity. However, low electrical conductivity and agglomeration of Co3O4 can degrade the electrochemical performance properties. We present a facile method of synthesizing porous carbon/Co3O4 composites derived from metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) via post-thermal treatment for use as the cathode in rechargeable Li–O2 batteries. Use of cobalt-containing MOFs as a sacrificial template produces uniformly distributed Co3O4 nanoparticles in the carbonaceous matrix, alleviating the problems of using only Co3O4 as the cathode material. As-synthesized porous carbon/Co3O4 composites show superior electrochemical performance, for example, a low overpotential and high reversible capacity of about 9850 mA h g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1. They also exhibit excellent cyclability up to the 320th cycle, with a limited capacity of 500 mA h g−1 at a current density of 200 mA g−1. The improvement is attributed to the catalytic activity and mesoporous structure of uniformly distributed Co3O4 nanoparticles in the carbonaceous matrix.

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