Meteor radar observations of vertically propagating low-frequency inertia-gravity waves near the southern polar mesopause region

I. S. Song, C. Lee, J. H. Kim, G. Jee, Y. H. Kim, H. J. Choi, Hye-Yeong Chun, Y. H. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vertically propagating low-frequency inertia-gravity waves (IGWs) are retrieved from meteor radar winds observed at King Sejong Station (KSS: 62.22°S, 58.78°W), Antarctica. IGW horizontal winds extracted from temporal band-pass filtering in regular time-height bins show the frequent occurrence of IGWs with the downward phase progression and the counterclockwise rotation of their horizontal wind vectors with time (i.e., upward energy propagation) near the mesopause region throughout the whole year of 2014. The vertical wavelengths of the observed IGWs roughly range from 14 km to more than 20 km, which is consistent with previous observational studies on the mesospheric IGWs over Antarctica. Stokes parameters and rotary spectra computed from the hodographs of the IGW horizontal wind components reveal that the intrinsic frequencies of the upward propagating IGWs are |f|−3|f| with seasonal variations of the relative predominance between |f|−2|f| and 2|f|−3|f|, where f is the Coriolis parameter at KSS. The hodograph analysis also indicates that the N-S propagation is dominant in austral summer, while the NE-SW propagation is pronounced in austral winter. The propagation direction is discussed in relation to the generation of IGWs due to dynamical imbalances occurring in the tropospheric and stratospheric jet flow systems. Ray tracing results indicate that the N-S propagation in summer may be due to the jet flow systems roughly north of KSS and the NE-SW propagation in winter may be either the SW propagation from the jet flow systems northeast of KSS or the NE propagation (around the South Pole) from the south of Australia and Southern Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4777-4800
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

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mesopause
radar tracking
Gravity waves
radar
meteoroids
meteor
gravity waves
gravity
inertia
gravity wave
Radar
low frequencies
propagation
jet flow
hodographs
Antarctic regions
Antarctica
winter
summer
Upper atmosphere

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Song, I. S. ; Lee, C. ; Kim, J. H. ; Jee, G. ; Kim, Y. H. ; Choi, H. J. ; Chun, Hye-Yeong ; Kim, Y. H. / Meteor radar observations of vertically propagating low-frequency inertia-gravity waves near the southern polar mesopause region. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 122, No. 4. pp. 4777-4800.
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Meteor radar observations of vertically propagating low-frequency inertia-gravity waves near the southern polar mesopause region. / Song, I. S.; Lee, C.; Kim, J. H.; Jee, G.; Kim, Y. H.; Choi, H. J.; Chun, Hye-Yeong; Kim, Y. H.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 122, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 4777-4800.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Meteor radar observations of vertically propagating low-frequency inertia-gravity waves near the southern polar mesopause region

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AU - Lee, C.

AU - Kim, J. H.

AU - Jee, G.

AU - Kim, Y. H.

AU - Choi, H. J.

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