Methyl orange adsorption by microporous and mesoporous TiO2-SiO2 and TiO2-Si O2-Al2O3 composite xerogels

Zhijian Wu, Ik Sung Ahn, Yanxin Lin, Liyao Huang, Xinren Lan, Kangtaek Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the adsorption behavior of methyl orange (MO) on composite xerogels. Mesoporous TiO2-SiO2 and TiO2-Si O2-Al2O3 xerogels are prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), tetrabutyl orthotitanate (TBOT), and AlCl3 · 6H2O using HCl as a catalyst and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a templating agent. The corresponding microporous xerogels are also prepared without addition of CTAB. These xerogels are then characterized by XRD, FTIR, and BET. We find that MO is adsorbed by the mesoporous xerogels in acidic solutions, showing Langmuir type adsorption isotherms. We also find that the adsorption decreases with increasing temperature. It is suggested that adsorption exhibits a sieve effect and that MO is adsorbed through electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonding between MO and the xerogels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalComposite Interfaces
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Xerogels
xerogels
Adsorption
adsorption
composite materials
Composite materials
bromides
sieves
tetraethyl orthosilicate
Sieves
Adsorption isotherms
attraction
hydrolysis
methyl orange
TiO2-SiO2
Electrostatics
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
isotherms
electrostatics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "We investigate the adsorption behavior of methyl orange (MO) on composite xerogels. Mesoporous TiO2-SiO2 and TiO2-Si O2-Al2O3 xerogels are prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), tetrabutyl orthotitanate (TBOT), and AlCl3 · 6H2O using HCl as a catalyst and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a templating agent. The corresponding microporous xerogels are also prepared without addition of CTAB. These xerogels are then characterized by XRD, FTIR, and BET. We find that MO is adsorbed by the mesoporous xerogels in acidic solutions, showing Langmuir type adsorption isotherms. We also find that the adsorption decreases with increasing temperature. It is suggested that adsorption exhibits a sieve effect and that MO is adsorbed through electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonding between MO and the xerogels.",
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Methyl orange adsorption by microporous and mesoporous TiO2-SiO2 and TiO2-Si O2-Al2O3 composite xerogels. / Wu, Zhijian; Ahn, Ik Sung; Lin, Yanxin; Huang, Liyao; Lan, Xinren; Lee, Kangtaek.

In: Composite Interfaces, Vol. 11, No. 2, 01.01.2004, p. 205-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wu, Zhijian

AU - Ahn, Ik Sung

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AU - Huang, Liyao

AU - Lan, Xinren

AU - Lee, Kangtaek

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N2 - We investigate the adsorption behavior of methyl orange (MO) on composite xerogels. Mesoporous TiO2-SiO2 and TiO2-Si O2-Al2O3 xerogels are prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), tetrabutyl orthotitanate (TBOT), and AlCl3 · 6H2O using HCl as a catalyst and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a templating agent. The corresponding microporous xerogels are also prepared without addition of CTAB. These xerogels are then characterized by XRD, FTIR, and BET. We find that MO is adsorbed by the mesoporous xerogels in acidic solutions, showing Langmuir type adsorption isotherms. We also find that the adsorption decreases with increasing temperature. It is suggested that adsorption exhibits a sieve effect and that MO is adsorbed through electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonding between MO and the xerogels.

AB - We investigate the adsorption behavior of methyl orange (MO) on composite xerogels. Mesoporous TiO2-SiO2 and TiO2-Si O2-Al2O3 xerogels are prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), tetrabutyl orthotitanate (TBOT), and AlCl3 · 6H2O using HCl as a catalyst and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a templating agent. The corresponding microporous xerogels are also prepared without addition of CTAB. These xerogels are then characterized by XRD, FTIR, and BET. We find that MO is adsorbed by the mesoporous xerogels in acidic solutions, showing Langmuir type adsorption isotherms. We also find that the adsorption decreases with increasing temperature. It is suggested that adsorption exhibits a sieve effect and that MO is adsorbed through electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonding between MO and the xerogels.

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