Micro- and nanorobots based sensing and biosensing

Lei Kong, Jianguo Guan, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Citations (Scopus)


Synthetic micro- and nanorobots have attracted considerable attentions for their potential applications in environment, biomedicine and microengineering. In this review, we summarize the recent works on micro/nanorobots based sensing and biosensing according to different mechanisms: motion based sensing, electrochemical sensing with micro/nanorobots and fluorescent, electrochemiluminescent, colorimetric sensing with micro/nanorobots. Micro/nanorobots offer a convenient and active detection for nucleic acid, protein, glucose, heavy metal ions, etc. in solution and surrounding atmosphere. Furthermore, the detection sensitivity and efficiency has been significantly improved due to the stirring in solution by the motion of micro/nanorobots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Electrochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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