Micro-Current Stimulation Suppresses Inflammatory Responses in Peptidoglycan-Treated Raw 264.7 Macrophages and Propionibacterium acnes-Induced Skin Inflammation via TLR2/NF-κB Signaling Pathway

Hana Lee, Donghyun Hwang, Minjoo Lee, Jinho Lee, Seungkwan Cho, Tack Joong Kim, Han Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acne is a common inflammatory disorder of the human skin and a multifactorial disease caused by the sebaceous gland and Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of micro-current stimulation (MC) on peptidoglycan (PGN)-treated raw 264.7 macrophages and P. acnes-induced skin inflammation. To specify the intensity with anti-inflammatory effects, nitric oxide (NO) production was compared according to various levels of MC. As the lowest NO production was shown at an intensity of 50 µA, subsequent experiments used this intensity. The changes of expression of the proteins related to TLR2/NF-κB signaling were examined by immunoblotting. Also, immunofluorescence analysis was performed for observing NF-κB p65 localization. All of the expression levels of proteins regarding TLR2/NF-κB signaling were decreased by the application of MC. Moreover, the application of MC to PGN-treated raw 264.7 cells showed a significant decrease in the amount of nuclear p65-protein. In the case of animal models with P. acnes-induced skin inflammation, various pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators significantly decreased in MC-applied mice. In particular, the concentration of IL-1β in serum decreased, and the area of acne lesions, decreased from the histological analysis. We suggest for the first time that MC can be a novel treatment for acne.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2508
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Commercializations Promotion Agency for R&D Outcomes (COMPA-2019K000027) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT(MSIT).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Micro-Current Stimulation Suppresses Inflammatory Responses in Peptidoglycan-Treated Raw 264.7 Macrophages and Propionibacterium acnes-Induced Skin Inflammation via TLR2/NF-κB Signaling Pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this