In this letter, we propose an empirical-mode decomposition (EMD)-based method for automatic multicategory mini-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) classification. The radar echo signal is first decomposed into a set of oscillating waveforms by EMD. Then, eight statistical and geometrical features are extracted from the oscillating waveforms to capture the phenomenon of blade flashes. After feature normalization and fusion, a nonlinear support vector machine is trained for target class-label prediction. Our empirical results on real measurement of radar signals show encouraging mini-UAV classification accuracy performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering