Aims: Neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury is one of the most difficult clinical problems after the loss of mobility, and pharmacological or neuromodulation therapy showed limited efficacy. In this study, we examine the possibility of pain modulation by a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) encoding small-hairpin RNA against GCH1 (rAAV-shGCH1) in a spinal cord injury model in which neuropathic pain was induced by a spinothalamic tract (STT) lesion. Methods: Micro-electric lesioning was used to damage the left STT in rats (n = 32), and either rAAV-shGCH1 (n = 19) or rAAV control (n = 6) was injected into the dorsal horn of the rats at the same time. On postoperative days 3, 7, and 14, we evaluated neuropathic pain using a behavioral test and microglial activation by immunohistochemical staining. Results: A pain modulation effect of shGCH1 was observed from postoperative days 3 to 14. The mechanical withdrawal threshold was 13.0 ± 0.95 in the shGCH1 group, 4.3 ± 1.37 in the control group, and 3.49 ± 0.85 in sham on postoperative day 3 (p < 0.0001) and continued to postoperative day 14 (shGCH1 vs. control: 11.4 ± 1.1 vs. 2.05 ± 0.60, p < 0.001 and shGCH1 vs. sham: 11.4 ± 1.1 vs. 1.43 ± 0.54, p < 0.001). Immunohistochemical staining of the spinal cord dorsal horn showed deactivation of microglia in the shGCH1 group without any change of delayed pattern of astrocyte activation as in STT model. Conclusions: Neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury can be modulated bilaterally by deactivating microglial activation after a unilateral injection of rAAV-shGCH1 into the dorsal horn of a STT lesion spinal cord pain model. This new attempt would be another therapeutic approach for NP after SCI, which once happens; there is no clear curative options still now.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea [NRF‐2020R1F1A1074104, HH Jung; NRF‐2021R1I1A1A01047750, CS Koh; NRF‐2021R1A2C1093614, H Lee]. The authors have no personal, financial, or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials, or devices described in this article
© 2021 The Authors. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Physiology (medical)
- Pharmacology (medical)