Micron-thick, worm-like, organized TiO2 films prepared using polystyrene-b-poly(2-vinyl pyridine) block copolymer and preformed TiO 2 for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

Sang Jin Kim, Dong Jun Kim, Sung Yeon Heo, Hyungju Ahn, Du Yeol Ryu, Jong Hak Kim

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Abstract

Crack-free, micron-thick, worm-like mesoporous TiO2 films with an anatase phase, organized pores, and good interconnectivity were prepared by the self-assembly of anionically polymerized polystyrene-bpoly( 2-vinyl pyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) block copolymer and hydrophilically preformed TiO 2 nanocrystals. The polymer concentration and polymer:TiO2 ratio were carefully adjusted to systematically vary the TiO2 structure and evaluate the effects on the performances of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs). As evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS), and N2 adsorption-desorption measurements, the use of a higher polymer concentration (6 wt%) and a polymer:TiO2 ratio of 1:2, referred to as P6T2, resulted in a worm-like structure with a large surface area and smaller mesopores, whereas an aggregated structure with bimodal pores was obtained with a polymer:TiO2 ratio of 1:1. An efficiency of 4.0% was obtained at 100 mW/cm2 when using a 2.8 μm thick P6T2 film as a photoanode in a ssDSSC, which is much greater than the efficiency of commercially available paste (2.3%) with a similar film thickness. The higher efficiency of the P6T2 cells is due to the improved current density, resulting from its larger surface area, well-organized pores, and good interconnectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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