This study investigated whether MSI status can be used as a prognostic biomarker and whether it is helpful for predicting which patients will benefit from 5-FU based adjuvant chemotherapy. Between 2005 and 2008, an MSI status examination was performed in 1,990 gastric cancer patients who had undergone curative gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma. MSI was analyzed by PCR amplification with fluorescent dye-labeled primers of mononucleotide markers (BAT25 and BAT26) and dinucleotide markers (D5S346, D2S123 and D17S250) specific to the microsatellite loci. Patients with MSI-H tumors accounted for 8.5% (n = 170) of the total study population. They tended to be older and female and to have distal tumor location, lower tumor stage, intestinal type of Lauren classification and differentiated histological type. The disease-free survival curves showed no significant differences between MSS/MSI-L and MSI-H patients at each stage of I, II, III and IV. In gastric cancer patients with stage II and III, 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy showed better disease-free survival in the MSS/MSI-L group, but showed no benefits in the MSI-H group. By multivariate analysis, patients with MSS/MSI-L tumors benefited from 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy in terms of tumor disease-free survival. MSI status in gastric cancer is not itself a prognostic indicator. However, it appears to be a possible guidance for the use of 5-FU-based chemotherapy in stage II and III gastric cancers after R0 resection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research