Biophysical properties are intimately connected to metastatic functions and aggressiveness in cancers. Especially, cellular stiffness is regarded as a biomarker for the understanding of metastatic potential and drug sensitivity. Here, protease-mediated changes of cortical stiffness are identified due to the deformation of cytoskeleton alignment at a cortex. For the past few decades, membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has been well known as a kernel protease enriched in podosomes during metastasis for extracellular matrix degradation. However, the biophysical significance of MT1-MMP expressing cancer cells is still unknown. Therefore, the nanomechanics of cancer cells is analyzed by a nanoindentation using a microsphere-attached cantilever of atomic force microscopy (AFM). In conclusion, the results suggest that MT1-MMP has contributed as a key regulator in cytoskeletal deformation related with cancer metastasis. Particularly, the AFM-based nanoindentation system for the monitoring of cortical nanomechanics will be crucial to understand molecular networks in cancers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)