As a future-generation source/drain contact structure, NiSi films were formed on a strained and epitaxial Si:P layer (P concentration of ~ 1.9 at.%), and their unique microstructural properties were characterized as a function of the annealing temperature (400–800 °C). Unlike the NiSi film formed on Si, those formed on the strained Si:P consisted of many abnormally large grains with a rather uniform thickness and flat-bottom interface, most likely because of the strain effect caused by the underlying Si:P layer. The strain energy built at the NiSi/Si:P interface is believed to have significantly affected the microstructure and morphology of the subsequently grown NiSi film, which eventually led to retardation of thermal agglomeration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering