We report here successful synthesis of Al-based nanocomposites with L12-Al3Ti particles in binary Al-Ti (4.1, 5, 8.3, 10, 15 and 20% Ti) and ternary Al-1.6Ti-0.5Cr, Al-3.2Ti-1.0Cr and Al-6.3Ti-2.0Cr alloys, by rapid solidification processing. The microstructure of all the alloys consists of uniform distribution of nanocrystalline L12-Al3Ti intermetallic in ultra-fine α-Al matrix. The volume fraction of L12-Al3Ti phase in the as-spun ribbons was found to increase with the Ti content in the binary alloys with exception of Al-20% Ti alloy, which formed equilibrium DO22-Al3Ti. The α-Al grains were measured to be in the size range 0.5-1.0 μm embedded with L12-Al3Ti particles of ∼50 nm diameter. Nanoindentation as well as microhardness of nanocomposites in binary Al-Ti alloys measure hardness value of 3.75 GPa (367 VHN). The nanocomposites formed by rapid solidification processing retain about 70-85% of its room temperature hardness even at 500 °C for 100 h, while the hardness of conventional Al alloys such as 2017 is almost lost at 350 °C in 30 min.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry