Microstructures and properties of high saturation soft magnetic materials for advanced recording heads

S. X. Wang, J. Hong, K. Sin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

This paper presents recent development on sputtered FeXN-based (X=Ta, Rh, Mo, Al, etc.) high saturation materials [1,2] and compare them with amorphous CoZr-based materials and electroplated NiFe- and CoFe-based materials [3,4] in the context of advanced high density magnetic recording. In particular, correlations among processing, microstructure and magnetic properties under oblique incidence and in laminated structures are discussed. Due to the extrinsic nature of coercivity, the mechanisms of soft magnetism are very complex and difficult to characterize. With the help of synchrotron radiation, pole figure analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), torque magnetometry, and magnetic force microscopy (MFM), we can identify that (110) fiber texture plays a key role in the soft magnetism of FeXN films, in addition to the effects of film composition, stress, grain size and shape, and lattice spacing [5]. Soft films, both single and laminated, usually display well defined bcc (110) textures even on sloping surfaces. In contrast, films with poor (110) textures and asymmetric pole figures tend to have relatively large coercivities, and in certain cases possess perpendicular anisotropy and stripe domains. Processing conditions promoting (110) texture, including substrate bias, lamination with AlN, and appropriate base layer, lead to soft magnetism in FeXN films [6]. The addition of N and a third element, and lamination with insulating layers, result in significant increases in electrical resistivity, important to high frequency applications. The addition of N and X can also lead to enhanced pitting corrosion resistance [7].

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume517
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec 1
EventProceedings of the 1998 MRS Spring Symposium - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: 1998 Apr 151998 Apr 16

Fingerprint

Soft magnetic materials
recording heads
magnetic materials
saturation
Magnetism
textures
Textures
microstructure
Microstructure
Coercive force
laminates
coercivity
Poles
poles
Grain size and shape
Magnetic force microscopy
Magnetic recording
magnetic force microscopy
pitting
magnetic recording

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Microstructures and properties of high saturation soft magnetic materials for advanced recording heads",
abstract = "This paper presents recent development on sputtered FeXN-based (X=Ta, Rh, Mo, Al, etc.) high saturation materials [1,2] and compare them with amorphous CoZr-based materials and electroplated NiFe- and CoFe-based materials [3,4] in the context of advanced high density magnetic recording. In particular, correlations among processing, microstructure and magnetic properties under oblique incidence and in laminated structures are discussed. Due to the extrinsic nature of coercivity, the mechanisms of soft magnetism are very complex and difficult to characterize. With the help of synchrotron radiation, pole figure analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), torque magnetometry, and magnetic force microscopy (MFM), we can identify that (110) fiber texture plays a key role in the soft magnetism of FeXN films, in addition to the effects of film composition, stress, grain size and shape, and lattice spacing [5]. Soft films, both single and laminated, usually display well defined bcc (110) textures even on sloping surfaces. In contrast, films with poor (110) textures and asymmetric pole figures tend to have relatively large coercivities, and in certain cases possess perpendicular anisotropy and stripe domains. Processing conditions promoting (110) texture, including substrate bias, lamination with AlN, and appropriate base layer, lead to soft magnetism in FeXN films [6]. The addition of N and a third element, and lamination with insulating layers, result in significant increases in electrical resistivity, important to high frequency applications. The addition of N and X can also lead to enhanced pitting corrosion resistance [7].",
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Microstructures and properties of high saturation soft magnetic materials for advanced recording heads. / Wang, S. X.; Hong, J.; Sin, K.

In: Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings, Vol. 517, 01.12.1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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