Microwave solvothermal synthesis of mixed pine tree seed-like/disc-shaped microstructures of MnOx (x = 4/3 and 1) with high specific capacitance for electrochemical capacitors

Jedsada Sodtipinta, Hyun Kyung Kim, Suk Woo Lee, Siwaporn Meejoo Smith, Pasit Pakawatpanurut, Kwang Bum Kim

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The mixed pine tree seed-like/disc-shaped microstructures of MnOx (x = 4/3 and 1) were synthesized using a simple microwave-assisted solvothermal synthesis and heat treatment under N2 atmosphere (heating rate 5 °C/min), without the need for carbon composite. This new mixed morphology showed high specific capacitance, as measured by the cyclic voltammetry (182 F g−1 at 1 mV s−1) and by the constant galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling (195 F g−1 at 0.1 A g−1). During the cycling process the specific capacitance of the material increased, which was caused by the partial electrochemical oxidation of the major phase Mn3O4 (x = 4/3) to MnO2 in a neutral electrolyte of 1 M Na2SO4. According to the galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling tests at 1 A g−1, this material also showed good capacitance retention for over 1000 cycles. MnOx synthesized herein can thus be a good candidate for the electrode material for electrochemical capacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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