Mid-infrared photon sensing using InGaN/GaN nanodisks via intersubband absorption

Zhang Xing, Afroja Akter, Hyun S. Kum, Yongmin Baek, Yong Ho Ra, Geonwook Yoo, Kyusang Lee, Zetian Mi, Junseok Heo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Intersubband (intraband) transitions allow absorption of photons in the infrared spectral regime, which is essential for IR-photodetector and optical communication applications. Among various technologies, nanodisks embedded in nanowires offer a unique opportunity to be utilized in intraband devices due to the ease of tuning the fundamental parameters such as strain distribution, band energy, and confinement of the active region. Here, we show the transverse electric polarized intraband absorption using InGaN/GaN nanodisks cladded by AlGaN. Fourier transform infrared reflection (FTIR) measurement confirms absorption of normal incident in-plane transverse electric polarized photons in the mid-IR regime (wavelength of ~ 15 μm) at room temperature. The momentum matrix of the nanodisk energy states indicates electron transition from the ground state s into the px or py orbital-like excited states. Furthermore, the absorption characteristics depending on the indium composition and nanowire diameter exhibits tunability of the intraband absorption spectra within the nanodisks. We believe nanodisks embedded nanowires is a promising technology for achieving tunable detection of photons in the IR spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4301
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the Key Scientific and technological program of Xiamen (3502Z20191016), the Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE), Republic of Korea (20014247). This work was also supported by “Human Resources Program in Energy Technology” of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), granted financial resource from the MOTIE, Republic of Korea (20184030202220).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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