Signal occlusion by building blockages is a double-edged sword for the performance of millimeter-wave (mmW) communication networks. Buildings may dominantly attenuate the useful signals, especially when mmW base stations (BSs) are sparsely deployed compared with the building density. In the opposite BS deployment, buildings can block the undesired interference. To enjoy only the benefit, we propose a building-aware association scheme that adjusts the directional BS association bias of the user equipments (UEs), based on a given building density and the concentration of UE locations around the buildings. The association of each BS can thereby be biased: 1) toward the UEs located against buildings for avoiding interference to other UEs or 2) toward the UEs providing their maximum reference signal received powers. The proposed association scheme is optimized to maximize the downlink average data rate derived by stochastic geometry. Its effectiveness is validated by simulation using real building statistics.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea under Grant NRF2015K2A3A1000189 and Grant NRF-2017R1A2A2A05069810 and in part by JSPS under Grant S17150.
© 2013 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)