Miniscrew stability evaluated with computerized tomography scanning

Jung Yul Cha, Jae Kyoung Kil, Tae Min Yoon, Chung Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of bone mineral density (BMD), cortical bone thickness (CBT), screw position, and screw design on the stability of miniscrews. Methods: Ninety-six miniscrews of both cylindrical and tapered types were placed in 6 beagle dogs. The BMD and CBT were measured by computerized tomography and correlated with the placement and removal torque and mobility. A regression equation to predict the placement torque was calculated based on BMD, CBT, screw type, and screw position. Results: The placement torque showed a positive correlation in the order of removal torque (0.66), BMD of the cortical bone (0.58), and CBT (0.48). Placement and removal torque values were significantly higher in the mandible compared with the maxilla. Tapered miniscrews had higher placement torque than did the cylindrical type (P <0.001). However, the removal torque was similar in both groups. Placement torque was affected by screw position, screw type, and BMD of cortical bone, in that order. Conclusions: BMD of cortical bone, screw type, and screw position significantly influence the primary stability of miniscrews.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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