Minority comparison model: Effects of Whites' multiracial evaluation on symbolic racism and racialized policy preferences

Young Min Baek, Angela M. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Most Racial Studies primarily focus on African Americans without paying attention to nonblack minorities, and it fails to capture recent increase in racial diversity. Based on previous theories and empirical findings, we propose a new model, minority comparison model, which accounts for theoretical shortcomings in Racial Studies. This model (1) captures psychological processes that compare blacks and nonblacks, and (2) explores the effects of whites' multiracial evaluation on racialized policy preferences. Drawing on a 2008 national representative sample, this study finds that whites who have positive stereotype of nonblacks (e.g., Hispanics and/or Asians) but negative stereotype of blacks show substantially higher symbolic racism and stronger opposition to Affirmative Action, whereas whites who have positive stereotype of blacks but negative stereotypes of nonblacks have stronger opposition to expansive immigration policy. Our study offers new ways of understanding and accounting for symbolic racism in modern context, and shows how whites' preferences in racialized policies are influenced by multiracial evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-138
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Science Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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