The objective of this research was to investigate the miscibility behavior of melamine-formaldehyde resin and poly(vinyl acetate) blends for use as adhesives for surface materials in order to reduce formaldehyde emission. The investigation was conducted using differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 13C CP/MAS solid state NMR, scanning electron microscope, atomic force microscopy and wide-angle X-ray scattering. Blends of various MF resin/PVAc weight compositions, comprising 0, 30, 50, 70 and 100%, were prepared in order to determine and compare the effect of PVAc content. These blends displayed a single cure temperature over the entire range of compositions indicating that this blend system was miscible in the amorphous phase due to the formation of hydrogen bonding between the amine groups of the MF resin and the carbonyl groups of PVAc. On the surface of the cured blends, the homogeneous dispersion of the PVAc phase in the MF resin was evident as small spherical domains and the blends were confirmed to be well combined.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry