Mission feasibility analysis on deflecting Earth-crossing objects using a power limited laser ablating spacecraft

Young Joo Song, Sang Young Park, Kyu Hong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper analyzes several mission capabilities to deflect Earth-crossing objects (ECOs) using a conceptual future spacecraft with a power limited laser ablating tool. A constrained optimization problem is formulated based on nonlinear programming with a three-dimensional patched conic method. System dynamics are also established, considering the target ECO's orbit as being continuously perturbed by limited laser power. The required optimal operating duration and operating angle history of the laser ablating tool are computed for various types of ECOs to avoid an Earth impact. The available final warning time is also determined with a given limited laser power. As a result, detailed laser operating behaviors are presented and discussed, which include characteristics of operating duration and angle variation histories in relation to the operation's start time and target object's properties. The calculated durations of the optimal laser operation are also compared to those estimated with first-order approximations previous studies. It is discovered that the duration of the laser operation estimated with first-order approximations could result in up to about 50% error if the operation is started at the final warning time. The laser operation should be started as early as possible because an early start requires a short operating duration with a small operating angle variation. The mission feasibility demonstrated in the present study will give various insights into preparing future deflection missions using power limited spacecraft with a laser ablation tool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-143
Number of pages21
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 4

Fingerprint

feasibility analysis
Spacecraft
spacecraft
laser
Earth (planet)
Lasers
lasers
warning
power limited spacecraft
histories
nonlinear programming
analysis
Constrained optimization
Nonlinear programming
Laser ablation
approximation
laser ablation
history
deflection
ablation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper analyzes several mission capabilities to deflect Earth-crossing objects (ECOs) using a conceptual future spacecraft with a power limited laser ablating tool. A constrained optimization problem is formulated based on nonlinear programming with a three-dimensional patched conic method. System dynamics are also established, considering the target ECO's orbit as being continuously perturbed by limited laser power. The required optimal operating duration and operating angle history of the laser ablating tool are computed for various types of ECOs to avoid an Earth impact. The available final warning time is also determined with a given limited laser power. As a result, detailed laser operating behaviors are presented and discussed, which include characteristics of operating duration and angle variation histories in relation to the operation's start time and target object's properties. The calculated durations of the optimal laser operation are also compared to those estimated with first-order approximations previous studies. It is discovered that the duration of the laser operation estimated with first-order approximations could result in up to about 50{\%} error if the operation is started at the final warning time. The laser operation should be started as early as possible because an early start requires a short operating duration with a small operating angle variation. The mission feasibility demonstrated in the present study will give various insights into preparing future deflection missions using power limited spacecraft with a laser ablation tool.",
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Mission feasibility analysis on deflecting Earth-crossing objects using a power limited laser ablating spacecraft. / Song, Young Joo; Park, Sang Young; Choi, Kyu Hong.

In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 45, No. 1, 04.01.2010, p. 123-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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