Novel δ-lactam-based HDAC inhibitors which have various substituted benzyl, bi-aromatic cap groups were prepared using ring closure metathesis reaction, and evaluated their HDAC inhibitory activities and anti-proliferative effects. Among prepared analogues, 11m and 11o have very strong HDAC enzymatic inhibition and showed the most potent growth inhibitory activity to five human tumor cell lines including PC-3, ACHN, NUGC-3, HCT-15, and MBA-MB-231 tumor cell lines. Compounds 11m and 11o also showed good tumor growth inhibition of MDA-MB-231 cells in in vivo xenograft model. Structure-activity relationship study using docking model explained the significance of hydrophobic aromatic cap groups for their in vitro activities.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was partly supported by a grant from KRIBB Research Initiative program, a Grant (0405-NS01-0704-0001) of the Korean Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, and the Brain Korea 21 project the Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Organic Chemistry