A mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) has been cloned and sequenced from a Drosophila neoplasmic l(2)mbn cell line. The cDNA sequence analysis showed that this Drosophila kinase is a homologue of mammalian p38 MAPK and the yeast HOG1 gene and thus was referred to as Dp38. A distinguishing feature of all MAPKs is the conserved sequence TGY in the activation domain. Dp38 was rapidly tyrosine 186-phosphorylated in response to osmotic stress, heat shock, serum starvation, and H2O2 in Drosophila l(2)mbn and Schneider cell lines. However, unlike mammalian p38 MAPK, the addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) did not significantly affect the phosphorylation of Dp38 in the LPS-responsive l(2)mbn cell line. Following osmotic stress, tyrosine 186-phosphorylated forms of Dp38 MAPK were detected exclusively in nuclear regions of Schneider cells. Yeast complementation studies demonstrated that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae HOG1 mutant strain JBY10 (hog1-Δ1) was functionally complemented by Dp38 cDNA in hyperosmolar medium. These findings demonstrate that similar osmotic stress-responsive signal transduction pathways are conserved in yeast, Drosophila, and mammalian cells, whereas LPS signal transduction pathways appear to be different.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology