Molecular detection of toxoplasma gondii in haemaphysalis ticks in korea

Ju Yeong Kim, You Shine Kwak, In Yong Lee, Tai Soon Yong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii are intracellular protozoa that can cause neurological disease or death in fetuses and even in immunocompromised human adults. Ticks are recognized as vectors of many microorganisms including viruses, bacteria, and protozoa. Recent studies detected T. gondii in various tick species in many countries. In this study, we performed PCR detection of the T. gondii B1 gene from Haemaphysalis ticks collected from vegetation in 4 localities, Wonju, Gunsan, Miryang, and Yangsan, in Korea. We analyzed DNA from 314 ticks (268 Haemaphysalis longicornis and 46 Haemaphysalis flava) and the B1 gene of T. gondii was detected in 13 of these. The detection of T. gondii in ticks differed significantly by region (P = 0.021). T. gondii was detected in the following percentages of collected ticks: 3.7% (7 of 189) in Gunsan, 10% (5 of 50) in Wonju, 16.7% (1 of 6) in Yangsan, and 0% (0 of 69) in Miryang. The detection of T. gondii in ticks was not associated with tick species or development stage. This is the first report of T. gondii detection in ticks in Korea. Our results provide important information necessary to understand toxoplasmosis transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-331
Number of pages5
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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