Molecular dynamics study of the nanosized droplet spreading

The effect of the contact line forces on the kinetic energy dissipation

Hong Min Yoon, Sasidhar Kondaraju, Jung Shin Lee, Youngho Suh, Joonho H. Lee, Joon Sang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have revealed that contact line forces play an important role in the droplet spreading process. Despite their significance, the physics related to them has been studied only indirectly and the effect of contact line forces is still being disputed. We performed a molecular dynamics simulation and mimicked the droplet spreading process at the nanoscale. Based on the results of the simulation, the contact line forces were directly calculated. We found that the forces acting on the bulk and the contact line region showed different trends. Distinct positive and negative forces, contact line spreading, and friction forces were observed near the contact line. We also observed a strong dependency of the atomic kinetics in the contact line region on the variations in the contact line forces. The atoms of the liquid in the contact line region lost their kinetic energy due to the contact line friction force and became partially immobile on the solid surface. The results of the current study will be useful for understanding the role of the contact line forces on the kinetic energy dissipation in the contact line region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume409
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Kinetic energy
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Molecular dynamics
Energy dissipation
Friction
Physics
Atoms
Kinetics
Computer simulation
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Yoon, Hong Min ; Kondaraju, Sasidhar ; Lee, Jung Shin ; Suh, Youngho ; Lee, Joonho H. ; Lee, Joon Sang. / Molecular dynamics study of the nanosized droplet spreading : The effect of the contact line forces on the kinetic energy dissipation. In: Applied Surface Science. 2017 ; Vol. 409. pp. 179-186.
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abstract = "Recent studies have revealed that contact line forces play an important role in the droplet spreading process. Despite their significance, the physics related to them has been studied only indirectly and the effect of contact line forces is still being disputed. We performed a molecular dynamics simulation and mimicked the droplet spreading process at the nanoscale. Based on the results of the simulation, the contact line forces were directly calculated. We found that the forces acting on the bulk and the contact line region showed different trends. Distinct positive and negative forces, contact line spreading, and friction forces were observed near the contact line. We also observed a strong dependency of the atomic kinetics in the contact line region on the variations in the contact line forces. The atoms of the liquid in the contact line region lost their kinetic energy due to the contact line friction force and became partially immobile on the solid surface. The results of the current study will be useful for understanding the role of the contact line forces on the kinetic energy dissipation in the contact line region.",
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Molecular dynamics study of the nanosized droplet spreading : The effect of the contact line forces on the kinetic energy dissipation. / Yoon, Hong Min; Kondaraju, Sasidhar; Lee, Jung Shin; Suh, Youngho; Lee, Joonho H.; Lee, Joon Sang.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 409, 01.07.2017, p. 179-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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