Optimal immunosuppression after pancreas islet transplantation has not yet been established to achieve long-term graft survival. Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is widely used as an immunosuppressive drug after transplantation including among recipients of pancreas islet cells. Previously, we reported MPA-induced islet apoptosis in the HIT-T15 cell line. In this study, we confirmed the effects of MPA on cell death and its potential implications on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family expression levels in primary isolated rat islets. Lewis islets isolated by collagenase digestion were purified by the density gradient method. Cell death was analyzed by methylthiazoletetrazolium assay. Activation of MAPK kinase 4 (MKK4), c-jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), p38 MAPK, and caspase-3 cleavage was examined by Western blot analyses. MPA treatments (>25 μmol/L) increased cell death significantly at 24 hours and in a dose-dependent manner activated MKK4, JNK, and p38 MAPK at 20 hours. Caspase-3 cleavage was also increased by MPA treatment. These results suggested that MPA induced significant cell death among primary isolated rat islets by activation of MKK4, JNK, and p38 MAPK, as well as caspase-3 cleavage.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Oct|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a faculty research grant (6-2007-0103) from Yonsei University College of Medicine.
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