Understanding the complex network and multi-functionality of proteins is one of the main objectives of post-genome research. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) are the family of enzymes that are essential for cellular protein synthesis and viability that catalyze the attachment of specific amino acids to their cognate tRNAs. However, a lot of evidence has shown that these enzymes are multi-functional proteins that are involved in diverse cellular processes, such as tRNA processing, RNA splicing and trafficking, rRNA synthesis, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and inflammation. In addition, mammalian ARSs form a macromolecular complex with three auxiliary factors or with the elongation factor complex. Although the functional meaning and physiological significance of these complexes are poorly understood, recent data on the molecular interactions among the components for the multi-ARS complex are beginning to provide insights into the structural organization and cellular functions. In this review, the molecular mechanism for the assembly and functional implications of the multi-ARS complex will be discussed.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Apr 18|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology