The specific molecular profiles of ovarian cancer interface zones (IZ), the region between tumors and normal tissues, were evaluated using a new method involving matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). We analyzed three ovarian serous carcinomas using MALDI-IMS. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to evaluate the quality of tissue spatial features based on MALDI-IMS, and for analysis of large data sets of MALDI-IMS. Twodimensional gel electrophoresis and fluorescence microscopy were used to verify interface-specific proteins. Unique profiles were identified for the tumors, the normal zone, and the IZ. Through MALDI analysis, two interfacespecific proteins, plastin 2 and peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX 1), were identified as differentially regulated between zones. Fluorescence microscopy revealed high expression levels of plastin 2 and PRDX 1 along the IZ of ovarian tumors. This comparative proteomics study using tissue MALDIIMS suggested that the IZ is different from the adjacent tumor and normal zones, and that plastin 2 and PRDX 1 may be interface markers specific to ovarian tumors.
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