Molecular screening of small biopsy samples using next-generation sequencing in Korean patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: Korean lung cancer consortium (KLCC-13-01)

Bo Mi Ku, Mi Hwa Heo, Joo Hang Kim, Byoung Chul Cho, Eun Kyung Cho, Young Joo Min, Ki Hyeong Lee, Jong Mu Sun, Se Hoon Lee, Jin Seok Ahn, Keunchil Park, Tae Jung Kim, Ho Yun Lee, Hojoong Kim, Kyung Jong Lee, Myung Ju Ahn

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common type of cancer with poor prognosis. As individual cancers exhibit unique mutation patterns, identifying and characterizing gene mutations in NSCLC might help predict patient outcomes and guide treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical adequacy of molecular testing using next-generation sequencing (NGS) for small biopsy samples and characterize the mutational landscape of Korean patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: DNA was extracted from small biopsy samples of 162 patients with advanced NSCLC. Targeted NGS of genomic alterations was conducted using Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2. Results: The median age of patients was 64 years (range, 32 to 83 years) and the majority had stage IV NSCLC at the time of cancer diagnosis (90%). Among the 162 patients, 161 patients (99.4%) had novel or hotspot mutations (range, 1 to 21 mutated genes). Mutations were found in 41 genes. Three of the most frequently mutated genes were TP53 (151, 93.2%), KDR (104, 64.2%), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; 69, 42.6%). We also observed coexistence of EGFR and other oncogene (such as KRAS, PIC3CA, PTEN, and STK11) mutations. Given that 69.6% (48/69) of EGFR mutant patients were treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, EGFR mutant status had higher prognostic ability in this study. Conclusions: These results suggest that targeted NGS using small biopsy samples is feasible and allows for the detection of both common and rare mutations in NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-156
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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    Ku, B. M., Heo, M. H., Kim, J. H., Cho, B. C., Cho, E. K., Min, Y. J., Lee, K. H., Sun, J. M., Lee, S. H., Ahn, J. S., Park, K., Kim, T. J., Lee, H. Y., Kim, H., Lee, K. J., & Ahn, M. J. (2018). Molecular screening of small biopsy samples using next-generation sequencing in Korean patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: Korean lung cancer consortium (KLCC-13-01). Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine, 52(3), 148-156. https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2018.03.12