Bismuthinite (Bi2S3) nanostructures were prepared by a hydrothermal method with sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA-Na 2). The morphology of Bi2S3 nanostructures was changed from a nanorod to a nanoplate by presence of the EDTA-Na2. The altered morphology was caused by the capping effect of EDTA-Na2 with Bi3+ ions, which induces the suboptimal growth direction due to partially blocking the preferential orientation direction. When the EDTA-Na 2/Bi3+ molar ratio=1, the growth of Bi2S 3 nanostructures was not allowed due to the chelating effect of EDTA-Na2. The obtained Bi2S3 nanorods, stacked nanorods, nanoplates and nanoparticles were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern. A possible formation mechanism of these morphologies was proposed. The successful synthesis of various morphologies of nanostructured Bi2S3 may open up new possibilities for thermoelectric, electronic and optoelectronic uses of nanodevices based on Bi2S 3 nanostructure.
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