Background: Septic shock remains a leading cause of death, despite advances in critical care management. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) has reduced morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated risk factors for mortality in patients with septic shock who received treatment following the SSC bundles. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with septic shock who received treatments following SSC bundles in an urban emergency department between November 2007 and November 2011. Primary and secondary endpoints were all-cause 7- and 28-day mortality. Results: Among 436 patients, 7- and 28-day mortality rates were 7.11% (31/436) and 14% (61/436), respectively. In multivariate analysis, high lactate level (odds ratio [OR], 1.286; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.016-1.627; P = 0.036) and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR, 0.953; 95% CI, 0.913-0.996; P = 0.032) were independent risk factors for 7-day mortality. Risk factors for 28-day mortality were high lactate level (OR, 1.346; 95% CI, 1.083-1.673; P = 0.008) and high Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (OR, 1.153; 95% CI, 1.029-1.293; P = 0.014). Conclusion: The risk of mortality of septic shock patients remains high in patients with high lactate levels and acute kidney injury.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)