Touchless fingerprint sensing technologies have been explored to solve problems in touch-based sensing techniques because they do not require any contact between a sensor and a finger. While they can solve problems caused by the contact of a finger, other difficulties emerge such as a view difference problem and a limited usable area due to perspective distortion. In order to overcome these difficulties, we propose a new touchless fingerprint sensing device capturing three different views at one time and a method for mosaicing these view-different images. The device is composed of a single camera and two planar mirrors reflecting side views of a finger, and it is an alternative to expensive multiple-camera-based systems. The mosaic method can composite the multiple view images by using the thin plate spline model to expand the usable area of a fingerprint image. In particular, to reduce the affect of perspective distortion, we select the regions in each view by minimizing the ridge interval variations in a final mosaiced image. Results are promising as our experiments show that mosaiced images offer 29% more true minutiae and 28% larger good quality area than one-view, unmosaiced images. Also, when the side-view images are matched to the mosaiced images, it gives more matched minutiae than matching with one-view frontal images. We expect that the proposed method can reduce the view difference problem and increase the usable area of a touchless fingerprint image. Furthermore, the proposed method can be applied to other biometric applications requiring a large template for recognition.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Mar 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Computer Networks and Communications