A facile, scalable and low-cost strategy for fabricating hydrogen sensors with few-layered Pd-functionalized MoS2 according to a simple solution process is reported. The sensors were prepared by drop-casting a MoS2-containing solution onto a SiO2 substrate and functionalizing the surface of the MoS2 with Pd using evaporation. Patterned deposition of Cr/Au on top of the MoS2-coated SiO2 substrate was then performed using evaporation through a shadow mask to place the micro electrodes on the substrate. The fabricated Pd-MoS2 sensors successfully detected hydrogen gas diluted by air at room temperature. With exposure to hydrogen gas, the Pd was converted to palladium hydride, which has a lower work function than MoS2, resulting in the transfer of electrons from palladium hydride to MoS2, thereby decreasing the resistance of the sensor. The functionalized MoS2 showed a 35.3% resistance change when exposed to a 1% hydrogen-containing gas, while the pristine MoS2 showed no reaction. The lower limit of detection of the resulting functionalized MoS2 sensor was 50 ppm.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and future Planning (NRF-2015R1A2A1A01005496).
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry