This paper presents an efficient joint disparitymotion estimation algorithm and a fast motion estimation algorithm in an MPEG-4 compatible stereoscopic sequence codec for 3D broadcasting. In stereoscopic sequence coding, the critical problems to be solved are double bandwidth and computational complexity. However, the previous trials to reduce coding bits have increased computational complexity. In this paper, we try to implement fast algorithms for stereoscopic sequences while maintaining high coding efficiency. Joint disparity-motion estimation can increase coding efficiency and reduce the computational complexity of the stereoscopic codec by using the relationship between the disparity and motion fields. The disparity vectors are estimated by using the left and right motion vectors and the previous disparity vectors in each time frame. In order to obtain more accurate disparity vectors, we employ the spatial prediction process after joint estimation. From joint estimation and spatial prediction, we can obtain the accurately predicted disparity vectors and then increase the coding efficiency from those predicted vectors. Moreover, we impose a fast motion estimation algorithm which utilizes correlation between the motion vectors of the neighboring blocks. We confirmed that the PSNR of the proposed method is 1.0-2.0dB higher than ones of conventional methods. In addition, the processing time is reduced by almost 1/10.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported partly by the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) funded by the Korea IT Industry Promotion Agency (KIPA) and by Broadcast Technical Research Institute of Korea Broadcasting System (KBS).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Media Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering