The multi-color switching of electrofluorochromism was examined from the thin electrofluorochromic (EF) films of polyfluorene (PFO) and poly(propylenedioxythiophene-phenylene) (P(ProDOT-Ph)). The PFO and P(ProDOT-Ph) films showed vivid blue and yellow fluorescence, respectively, at neutral state but their emission was quenched upon application of oxidation potential leading to ion radical states. The fluorescence from the polymer films was reversibly switched to vivid color when the films were returned to their neutral states. The EF color switching ratio (rc1/c2) between the fluorescent state (c1) and dark (c2) state for the yellow color EF device with P(ProDOT-Ph) film was about four times higher than that of the PFO. Because the two polymer films have different colors and working potentials, a multi-color switching device was fabricated by coating the P(ProDOT-Ph) and PFO films onto working and counter electrodes, respectively. The multi-color EF device showed fluorescence switching from blue (B) to white (W) to yellow (Y), and vice versa, depending on the applied potential. The rc1/c2 for yellow (c1) and blue (c2) switching (Y/B) was larger (9.71) than those for Y/W and W/B. Moreover, the EF switching for Y/B in the multi-EF device was also very effective and showed the largest EF efficiency (EEF = 3.82 × 106) among the EF color switching.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials