We propose an efficient phase-field model for multi-component Cahn–Hilliard (CH) systems in complex domains. The original multi-component Cahn–Hilliard system with a fixed phase is modified in order to make it suitable for complex domains in the Cartesian grid, along with contact angle or no mass flow boundary conditions on the complex boundaries. The proposed method uses a practically unconditionally gradient stable nonlinear splitting numerical scheme. Further, a nonlinear full approximation storage multigrid algorithm is used for solving semi-implicit formulations of the multi-component CH system, incorporated with an adaptive mesh refinement technique. The robustness of the proposed method is validated through various numerical simulations including multi-phase separations via spinodal decomposition, equilibrium contact angle problems, and multi-phase flows with a background velocity field in complex domains.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Y.B. Li is supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities , China (No. XJJ2015068 ) and by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2015M572541 ). J.-I. Choi is supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP) ( NRF-20151009350 ). J.S. Kim is supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2014R1A2A2A01003683 ).
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Numerical Analysis
- Modelling and Simulation
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics