Microscopic biopsy images are coloured in nature because pathologists use the haematoxylin and eosin chemical colour dyes for biopsy examinations. In this study, biopsy images are used for histological grading and the analysis of benign and malignant prostate tissues. The following PCa grades are analysed in the present study: Benign, grade 3, grade 4, and grade 5. Biopsy imaging has become increasingly important for the clinical assessment of PCa. In order to analyse and classify the histological grades of prostate carcinomas, pixel-based colour moment descriptor (PCMD) and gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) methods were used to extract the most significant features for multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural network classification. Haar wavelet transformation was carried out to extract GLCM texture features, and colour features were extracted from RGB (red/green/blue) colour images of prostate tissues. The MANOVA statistical test was performed to select significant features based on F-values and P-values using the R programming language. We obtained an average highest accuracy of 92.7% using level-1 wavelet texture and colour features. The MLP classifier performed well, and our study shows promising results based on multi-feature classification of histological sections of prostate carcinomas.
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE), Korea, under the “Regional Specialized Industry Development Program (R&D, P0002072)” supervised by the Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT).
This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE), Korea, under the "Regional Specialized Industry Development Program (R&D, P0002072)" supervised by the Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT).
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research