Multi-functional nitrogen self-doped graphene quantum dots for boosting the photovoltaic performance of BHJ solar cells

Byung Joon Moon, Dawon Jang, Yeonjin Yi, Hyunbok Lee, Sang Jin Kim, Yelin Oh, Sang Hyun Lee, Min Park, Sungho Lee, Sukang Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tunable heteroatom doping density in graphene quantum dots (GQDs) can provide unique opportunities for advanced electrochemical and opto-electronic applications with control of intrinsic properties that allow exploiting new phenomena. Herein, we report a facile one-step synthesis of the nitrogen-doped high-crystallinity GQDs (nGQDs) from poly-acrylonitrile (PAN)-based CFs using the solvo-thermal cutting method. Interestingly, the optical properties of nGQDs can be simply controlled by varying the heat treatment temperature of the CFs with different N contents. We also conduct an in-depth study on the optical properties of nGQDs according to the variation of N atom density that can be readily modulated by controlling the graphitization temperature of CFs, via both experimental and computational analyses. The synthesized nGQDs are blended with PEDOT:PSS as an anodic buffer layer to induce efficient hole extraction and energy-down-shift in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices that provide an enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE) from 7.5% to 8.5%. Because of the wide absorption band, high carrier extraction, and non-toxicity, these nGQDs are demonstrated to be excellent probes for high-performance opto-electronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-46
Number of pages11
JournalNano Energy
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) Institutional Program. Also, it was supported by the Graphene Materials/Components Development Project (10044366) and the Industrial Core Technology Development Program (10052760) through the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE), Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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