Background There are conflicting data on the use of cilostazol as triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT) for improving clinical outcomes after drug-eluting stent implantation. We aimed to evaluate whether 3-month use of cilostazol in addition to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) improved clinical outcomes in patients with long or multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) after biolimus-eluting stent (BES) implantation. Methods Patients (n = 630) who had been successfully treated with BES implantation for lesions with ≥28 mm in stent length or ≥2 stents for different coronary arteries were enrolled in this prospective randomized multicenter trial. All patients were randomly assigned to receive either DAPT (aspirin and clopidogrel for 12 months, n = 314) or TAPT (DAPT plus 3-month cilostazol use, n = 316). The primary end point was a device-oriented composite consisting of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (not clearly attributable to a nontarget vessel), and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization at 1-year follow-up. Results A total of 314 patients in DAPT and 308 patients in TAPT were analyzed. Multivessel CAD was present in 65.7% of patients. Stents ≥28 mm in length were implanted in 58.1% of lesions. There were no significant differences in baseline and angiographic characteristics between the 2 groups. The primary end point was similar between the 2 groups (2.3% in DAPT vs 1.9% in TAPT, log-rank P =.799). Conclusions In patients treated with BES implantation for long or multivessel CAD, 3 months of cilostazol use in addition to DAPT did not improve clinical outcome at 1-year follow-up.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This trial was supported by The Cardiovascular Research Center, Seoul, Korea. The Cardiovascular Research Center was not involved in study design, data collection, data analysis, and writing of the report. The authors are solely responsible for the design and conduct of this study, all study analyses, the drafting and editing of the manuscript, and its final contents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine