Fe3O4 nanoparticle-embedded poly(styrene)/ poly(thiophene) core/shell composite particles (Fe3O4 NPs-PSt/PTh) with multi-functionality (i.e., magnetic, electrical conducting properties, and photoluminescence) were successfully fabricated via stepwise polymerizations. First, Fe3O4 NPs-PSt composite particles were prepared in a miniemulsion polymerization. Then, the Fe3O 4 NPs-PSt/PTh core/shell composite particles were prepared by oxidative seeded emulsion polymerization of thiophene in the presence of FeCl3/H2O2 as a redox catalyst. The composite particles were characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy to confirm the composite structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis confirmed the core/shell morphology of the Fe3O4 NPs-PSt/PTh. Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer analyses confirmed that the composite particles exhibited fluorescence and superparamagnetic properties, respectively. Electrical conductivity of the composite particles was measured by a 4-point probe method and the results revealed that the electrical conductivity of embedded Fe 3O4 NPs increased 10 folds greater than that of the pristine PSt/PTh core/shell particles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) through the Active Polymer Center for Pattern Integration (No. R11-2007-050-00000-0 ) and NanoMaterial Technology Development Program through the NRF funded by the MEST ( 2011-0019176 ). The research was supported by the Pioneer Research Center Program though the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (No. 2010-0019308/2012-0000424 ). This work was also supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the NRF funded by the MEST ( 2010-0012479 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry