Multiple chirp reflectometry for determination of fault direction and localization in live branched network cables

Seung Jin Chang, Jin Bae Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a multiple inductive coupler chirp reflectometry system with multiple resolutions that can determine fault direction, and localize fault is proposed to apply the live target cable. The multiple resolution method enables us to detect and localize the faults, regardless of their location. Time delay information from multiple couplers, which is derived from the time-frequency cross correlation, indicates the fault direction and fault distance, even in cable branched network. The multiple inductive couplers system is proposed to obtain the velocity of propagation and fault direction in cable branch. Using the overcomplete wavelet transform, the signal restoration process can be carried out under signal distortion due to the propagation characteristics of the inductive coupler and target cable. In addition, combining notch filtering techniques and chirp reflectometry method is proposed to cancel 60-Hz harmonic noise, which is acquired from the actual substation. Through the experiments, impedance discontinuity localization and direction determination performance of the proposed method and the adaptability of the proposed method in live cable under harmonic noise by comparing with the existing method were verified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8014492
Pages (from-to)2606-2614
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Volume66
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

Fingerprint

chirp
cables
Cables
couplers
signal distortion
harmonics
Signal distortion
propagation
notches
wavelet analysis
restoration
cross correlation
Wavelet transforms
Restoration
Time delay
discontinuity
time lag
impedance
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper proposes a multiple inductive coupler chirp reflectometry system with multiple resolutions that can determine fault direction, and localize fault is proposed to apply the live target cable. The multiple resolution method enables us to detect and localize the faults, regardless of their location. Time delay information from multiple couplers, which is derived from the time-frequency cross correlation, indicates the fault direction and fault distance, even in cable branched network. The multiple inductive couplers system is proposed to obtain the velocity of propagation and fault direction in cable branch. Using the overcomplete wavelet transform, the signal restoration process can be carried out under signal distortion due to the propagation characteristics of the inductive coupler and target cable. In addition, combining notch filtering techniques and chirp reflectometry method is proposed to cancel 60-Hz harmonic noise, which is acquired from the actual substation. Through the experiments, impedance discontinuity localization and direction determination performance of the proposed method and the adaptability of the proposed method in live cable under harmonic noise by comparing with the existing method were verified.",
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Multiple chirp reflectometry for determination of fault direction and localization in live branched network cables. / Chang, Seung Jin; Park, Jin Bae.

In: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 66, No. 10, 8014492, 01.10.2017, p. 2606-2614.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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