The design and fabrication of active nanomaterials exhibiting multifunctional properties is a must in the so-called global "Fourth Industrial Revolution". In this sense, molecular engineering is a powerful tool to implant original capabilities on a macroscopic scale. Herein, different bioinspired 2D-MXenes have been developed via a versatile and straightforward synthetic approach. As a proof of concept, Ti3C2Tx MXene has been exploited as a highly sensitive transducing platform for the covalent assembly of active biomolecular architectures (i.e., amino acids). All pivotal properties originated from the anchored targets were proved to be successfully transferred to the resulting bioinspired 2D-MXenes. Appealing applications have been devised for these 2D-MXene prototypes showing (i) chiroptical activity, (ii) fluorescence capabilities, (iii) supramolecular π-πinteractions, and (iv) stimuli-responsive molecular switchability. Overall, this work demonstrates the fabrication of programmable 2D-MXenes, taking advantage of the inherent characteristics of the implanted (bio)molecular components. Thus, the current bottleneck in the field of 2D-MXenes can be overcome after the significant findings reported here.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
M.P. acknowledges financial support from the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic by the EXPRO project no. 19-26896X. P.M.B. thanks the Biomolecular Interactions and Crystallization Core Facility of CEITEC supported by the CIISB research infrastructure (LM2018127) funded by MEYS CR, for their support during the acquisition of the chiroptical data presented in this paper. P.M.B. and J.M. thank the CEITEC Nano Research Infrastructure supported by MEYS CR (LM2018110) for providing spectroscopic and microscopic characterization facilities and Dr. Josef Petruš for the TGA measurements. D.Z. and M.O. acknowledge financial support from the ERDF/ESF project “Nano4Future” (from the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports of the Czech Republic, CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000754).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)