Multistage-multiorifice flow fractionation (MS-MOFF): Continuous size-based separation of microspheres using multiple series of contraction/expansion microchannels

Tae Seok Sim, Kiho Kwon, Jae Chan Park, Jeong Gun Lee, Hyo il Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously we introduced a novel hydrodynamic method using a multi-orifice microchannel for size-based particle separation, which is called a multi-orifice flow fractionation (MOFF). The MOFF has several advantages such as continuous, non-intrusive, and minimal power consumption. However, it has a limitation that the recovery yield is relatively low. Although the recovery may be increased by adjusting parameters such as the Reynolds number and central collecting region, poor purity inevitably followed. We newly designed and fabricated a microfluidic channel for multi-stage multi-orifice flow fractionation (MS-MOFF), which is made by combining three multi-orifice segments, and consists of 3 inlets, 3 filters, 3 multi-orifice segments and 5 outlets. The structure and dimensions of the MS-MOFF were determined by the hydrodynamic principles to have constant Reynolds numbers at each multi-orifice segment. Polystyrene microspheres of two different sizes (7 μm and 15 μm) were tested. With this device, we made an attempt to improve recovery and minimize loss of purity by collecting and re-separating non-selected particles of the first separation. The final recovery successfully increased from 73.2% to 88.7% while the final purity slightly decreased from 91.4% to 89.1% (for 15 μm). These values were never achievable with the single-stage MOFF (SS-MOFF) having only one multi-orifice segment in our previous work. The MS-MOFF channel will be useful for clinical applications, such as separation of circulating tumor cells (CTC) or rare cells from human blood samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalLab on a Chip
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 7

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Hydrodynamics
Fractionation
Orifices
Microchannels
Microspheres
Circulating Neoplastic Cells
Microfluidics
Polystyrenes
Particle Size
Blood Cells
Equipment and Supplies
Recovery
Reynolds number
Intake systems
Tumors
Electric power utilization
Blood
Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Previously we introduced a novel hydrodynamic method using a multi-orifice microchannel for size-based particle separation, which is called a multi-orifice flow fractionation (MOFF). The MOFF has several advantages such as continuous, non-intrusive, and minimal power consumption. However, it has a limitation that the recovery yield is relatively low. Although the recovery may be increased by adjusting parameters such as the Reynolds number and central collecting region, poor purity inevitably followed. We newly designed and fabricated a microfluidic channel for multi-stage multi-orifice flow fractionation (MS-MOFF), which is made by combining three multi-orifice segments, and consists of 3 inlets, 3 filters, 3 multi-orifice segments and 5 outlets. The structure and dimensions of the MS-MOFF were determined by the hydrodynamic principles to have constant Reynolds numbers at each multi-orifice segment. Polystyrene microspheres of two different sizes (7 μm and 15 μm) were tested. With this device, we made an attempt to improve recovery and minimize loss of purity by collecting and re-separating non-selected particles of the first separation. The final recovery successfully increased from 73.2{\%} to 88.7{\%} while the final purity slightly decreased from 91.4{\%} to 89.1{\%} (for 15 μm). These values were never achievable with the single-stage MOFF (SS-MOFF) having only one multi-orifice segment in our previous work. The MS-MOFF channel will be useful for clinical applications, such as separation of circulating tumor cells (CTC) or rare cells from human blood samples.",
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Multistage-multiorifice flow fractionation (MS-MOFF) : Continuous size-based separation of microspheres using multiple series of contraction/expansion microchannels. / Sim, Tae Seok; Kwon, Kiho; Park, Jae Chan; Lee, Jeong Gun; Jung, Hyo il.

In: Lab on a Chip, Vol. 11, No. 1, 07.01.2011, p. 93-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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