Multizone modeling of strategies to reduce the spread of airborne infectious agents in healthcare facilities

Steven J. Emmerich, David Heinzerling, Jung-il Choi, Andrew K. Persily

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Control of airborne infectious agents in hospitals is critical both to effective healthcare and to the control of direct and indirect health care costs. Current hospital design guidelines focus on ventilation rates, room pressure control and air filtration to control the spread of airborne infectious agents. Studies indicate, however, that there is much variability in hospital design strategies used by engineers to control airborne pathogens. This study focuses on a number of questions concerning current hospital design practices and provides an overview of the tools and methods that can be used to answer some of these questions. Multizone airflow and contaminant transport simulations are used to examine different control strategies and some related issues of design and application. Design issues associated with room pressurization, filtration, and ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) are also reviewed. The results provide some important insights into the following issues: 1) using a ventilation flow differential based on building leakage better captures the relevant airflow physics of space pressure control; 2) anterooms can be effective barriers for reducing contaminant transport due to pressure differential disruptions; and, 3) filtration can provide significant protection, with more effective protection provided by additional UVGI systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-115
Number of pages11
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 1

Fingerprint

health care
Pressure control
modeling
pollutant transport
airflow
Ventilation
ventilation
irradiation
Irradiation
Impurities
Pressurization
Pathogens
Health care
leakage
physics
Physics
pathogen
Engineers
engineer
hospital

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

Emmerich, Steven J. ; Heinzerling, David ; Choi, Jung-il ; Persily, Andrew K. / Multizone modeling of strategies to reduce the spread of airborne infectious agents in healthcare facilities. In: Building and Environment. 2013 ; Vol. 60. pp. 105-115.
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Multizone modeling of strategies to reduce the spread of airborne infectious agents in healthcare facilities. / Emmerich, Steven J.; Heinzerling, David; Choi, Jung-il; Persily, Andrew K.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 60, 01.02.2013, p. 105-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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