Mussel-inspired nitrogen-doped graphene nanosheet supported manganese oxide nanowires as highly efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Taemin Lee, Eun Kyung Jeon, Byeong Su Kim

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) play a vital role in determining the performance of fuel cells and metal-air batteries. Carbon nanomaterials doped with heteroatoms are highly attractive by virtue of their excellent electrocatalytic activity, high conductivity and large surface area. This study reports the synthesis of a highly efficient electrocatalyst based on nitrogen-doped (N-doped) graphene nanosheets (NG) using mussel-inspired dopamine as a nitrogen source. Dopamine undergoes oxidative polymerization that can functionalize the surface of graphene and also introduces nitrogen atoms onto the graphene nanosheets upon pyrolysis. N-doping not only leads to improved catalytic activity, but it also provides anchoring sites for the growth of electroactive amorphous manganese oxide nanowires on the graphene nanosheets (NG/MnOx). On the basis of a Koutecky-Levich plot, it is found that the hybrid NG/MnOx catalyst exhibits excellent catalytic activity with a direct four-electron pathway in ORR. Furthermore, the hybrid electrocatalyst possesses superior stability and gives a low yield of peroxide compared to commercial Pt/C catalysts. This suggests that the unique combination of an N-doped graphene support and amorphous MnOx nanowires can synergistically improve the catalytic activity for ORR. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6167-6173
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 7


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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